The differences between American and European trucks

In the United States, the most common type of trucks is a heavy truck with a bonneted cab layout. Such cars, as a rule, are equipped with a powerful engine of large volume and at the same time have a lot of space for drivers. European models, on the other hand, are most often found in a compact design and do not have a hood. In such trucks, the cab is less spacious, since part of the usable space is occupied by the engine tunnel.

Such differences are associated with the American and European specifics of cargo transportation, as well as the approach to the automotive industry, which was formed in the middle of the 20th century. So, in the USA in the 50s and 60s of the last century, the efficiency of engines was not given much attention – manufacturers preferred to increase the displacement of cylinders to increase the power. That is why the cabover layout has not gained popularity here.

The distances on the American continent, which were covered by road trains, are much bigger than on the territory of Europe, while often the highways passed far from large settlements. Therefore, the developers did not face the need to improve the maneuverability of the trucks. The need to travel many miles of routes prompted engineers to expand the space inside the cab to improve the comfort of the staff.

In Europe, which has a higher density of settlements, as well as a developed network of “old” roads, it was important for the automotive industry to create compact and more maneuverable trucks that could move freely both along highways and in urban areas. This led to the emergence of a class of medium haulers, unfamiliar in America.

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